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How to Apply the Weissenberg-Rabinowitsch-Mooney (WRM) for non-Newtonian Samples

Viscosity Correction 


Application Note

The vast majority of fluids in the world exhibit non-Newtonian behavior. So, knowing how to measure, correct, and handle non-Newtonian rheological data is vital for performing accurate and repeatable experiments and data analysis.

This application note will step through the commonly used Weissenberg-Rabinowitsch-Mooney (WRM) shear rate correction for non-Newtonian fluids, that way future experiments and data analysis can be done with peace of mind!

Key Words:
  • non-Newtonian
  • Development
  • Data Analysis
  • Shear Rate Sweeps
  • Characterization
  • Protocol
  • non-Newtonian Fluid
  • Weissenberg-Rabinowitsch-Mooney (WRM) 
  • Viscosity Correction
1. What is Viscosity?

Viscosity of often referred to as the thickness of a fluid. You can think of water (low viscosity) and honey (high viscosity). However, this definition can be confusing when we are looking at fluids with different densities.

At a molecular level, viscosity is a result the interaction between the different molecules in a fluid.This can be also understood as friction between the molecules in the fluid. Just like in the case of friction between moving solids, viscosity will determine the energy required to make a fluid flow.  



2. How many shear rates do you recommend to analyze whether or not your sample is Newtonian or non-Newtonian?

We recommend a minimum of three different shear rates when analyzing your samples to determine whether they are Newtonian or non-Newtonian. Separately, the shear rates should have a wide range. The reason for the wide range is because many are complex. Sometimes, your sample will not show shear thinning or shear thickening behavior at low shear rates but will at high shear rates. 

Overall, there is just a lot to your sample that you may not know about until you actually test it. As a result, we recommend testing as much of a range as possible to ensure full knowledge of how your sample behaves. 

When it comes to your injections, the best way to design your experiments is by focusing on the injection rate that your sample will be exposed to when going from the syringe into a patient. Testing with those numbers in mind will help give you confidence and know what is the unknown.

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Learn more about the automated viscometer that compliments Clariti™, VROC® initium.

  • 26 µL of Sampleinitium (no bdg)
  • Sample Retrieval 
  • Sample Recovery
  • Measurement temperatures 4 - 70 ºC
  • Sample storage temperature
  • Intrinsic Viscosity
  • Injectability
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